By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Length (km): 4,444 Drainage area (km²): 1,855,000 Average discharge (m³/s): 11,400. It is the westernmost of the three great Siberian rivers that flow into the Arctic Ocean (the other two being the Lena River and the Yenisei River). This 4,350 km river borders China, Myanmar, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, and Vietnam before emptying into the South China Sea. History tracks this river as the cradle of civilization for the region, serving tribes and civilization since the Neolithic period. Yalong. Two large dams, an upper and lower dam, create an efficient system to produce electricity. Unfortunately, the construction of the dams have had unforeseen damages to the rapids down stream and ultimately the wetlands and marshlands further along. The Arkansas River counts as the second longest tributary to the Mississippi river behind the Missouri system. The unusual route the river takes makes it the source of water for the Sahara desert in the region and the city of Timbuktu. In the average dry season, it covers over 110,000 square kilometers or 42,000 square miles. However beautiful, the biggest draw comes from the fishing community. Which would you count as the longest? On the world scale, the Mississippi river flows the fourth longest behind the Amazon, Nile, and Congo. Many forts, strongholds, and castles have been built over the last two millennia on the river Rhine, making it a national symbol of Germany and a vital waterway for trade, commerce, and sightseeing. Of course, if you are looking for beauty, the Wheaton River offers one of the most breathtaking scenes in Canada. The River itself starts in central Colorado in the heart of the Rocky Mountains. Many mammals call the river home, including manatees, giant otters, and the river dolphin. The delta of the River Nile provides life to Egypt. During November to April, the “green” season offers stronger currents and boasts a challenge for swimmers. The waters are still enough in the area to canoe and kayak at leisure and even see the Northern Lights from time to time. Most of the area shows picturesque beaches and bays along the mouth of the river. However, it flows north to northwest in a giant crescent shape that finally ends over 4,180 km away in the Niger Delta. This new river makes the length of the Amazon at precisely 6,992 km or 4,345 miles. The river provided a crucial role in the development of the … The Ebro, like many other rivers, witnessed several major events throughout history. We need rivers for fresh water supply, food and transportation. Starting off the list brings one of the most famous rivers in the world, the Amazon River. and its length: Here, we are giving, the list of Major Rivers of the World which is very useful for the competitive examinations like UPSC … Another important river in Australia may not hold any records, but it does serve an important purpose. It is the largest dam in the world (about 1 ½ miles in length and over 300 feet thick). Originating in Germany, it either passes through or borders Austria, Slovakia, Hungary, Croatia, Serbia, Romania, Bulgaria, Maldova and the Ukraine in that order. At over 1,450 miles, this is the sixth longest river in the United States with an origin point in the Rocky Mountains and joining up to the Missippi in Naploeon, Arkansas. It includes river systems over 1,000 kilometres (620 mi). In Thailand though, the Mekong offers rich biodiversity in its lower basin. This river drops an astonishing 1,050 meters in a short 24 km path, making it one of the largest elevation change rivers in the world. The Seine river creates a crucial commercial waterway that serves most of northern France. We provide both the word solutions and the completed crossword answer to help you beat the level. This disparity in the flow creates a rhythmic cycle for migration for the wildlife in the area, including hundreds of species of birds. Once it hits the flood plain, the slope decreases to 0.35% gradient to create a meandering river experience. Over 900 km in length, the Ebro passes through many major cities from Frias and Miranda de Ebro to Aldover and Catalonia before emptying into the Mediterranean Sea. Starting in Colorado in the United States, it flows through New Mexico and forms as a natural border between the United States and Mexico before emptying into the Gulf of Mexico. These are not your average rapids though. The surrounding lands of the Nile flourished with agricultural life due to the silt. Kartong lies along the Allahein River in Gambia and offers some of the best tourism beaches and river experiences in the world. The Ottawa River flows through Ontario and Quebec and is named after the Algonquin word meaning “to trade”. 10. 112. The Amazon is the widest river in the world. World: Rivers - Map Quiz Game: There are many rivers in the world, but none quite as impressive as the Amazon. Most of northeast Thailand and Loas lie within the lower Mekong Basin. After a series of large lakes and reservoirs it passes into western Arkansas. Not only did native Americans live for thousands of years on the rivers and tributaries, it built a foundation for trade systems up and down the river from New Orleans all the way to St. Louis. Improve your GK Quotient and help yourself score better on any competitive exam and get your dream Sarkari Naukri without any worries. From its sources, the longest reaches of this river clock in at 777 km passing through Paris and emptying into the English Channel at Le Havre. It is the longest river in Quebec and joins up the to St. Lawrence River at Montreal. This river gives life to the regions and helps sustain multiple agricultures across the eastern and southern reaches of Africa. It is also the second longest river in Western and Central Europe. If you are looking for a diverse river adventure, the Daintree offers a huge diverse change in climates and areas to transverse, from scenic views to amazing wildlife. The largest of which is Cologne, but also Dusseldorf, Rotterdam, Strasbourg, and Basel. This list is based upon the flow rate of the river itself. It measures 6,695 kilometres from its source in Burundi, along the Nile, to its delta on the Mediterranean Sea. P. R. China. Unfortunately, like a few other rivers on this list, the Yangtze suffers from industrial pollution. Starting from Jari Hill in the Tanggula Mountains, it flows over 6,300 km eastward into the East China Sea. The Congo comes in second place on many scales for rivers. The Rhine connects many major cities throughout Germany. The Meuse river starts in northern France and meanders northwards through Belgium and the Netherlands before draining into the North Sea where the Delta combines with the Rhine and Scheldt. These beautiful creations of nature also share triumph with human engineering. The Danube flows through ten different countries in Eastern and Central Europe, creating the second longest river in Europe. Both tribu… Between the many bridges, locks and weirs, the River Thames serves as one of the most human influenced rivers in the world as well. Many settlements started along a river. Even the Congo has an 80% slower discharge rate the Amazon, it still has the highest such rate in the world. While it may run only 183 km in length, it offers one of the most beautiful rivers in the world. Today the river helps with transportation and hydroelectricity from many dams along the river. The worst in recorded history occurred in 1931 which reported to kill 1 to 4 million people. Nile River is the longest in the World shared by 11 countries namely Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, DP Congo, Kenya, Ethiopia, Eritrea, South Sudan and Egypt. While it is controlled, many regions of the river offer beautiful scenery and breathtaking views. This river in Queensland meanders 100 km through some of the richest and most diverse bio life in Australia’s Daintree Rainforest. The Danube once served as the final frontier to the Roman Empire, blocking the northern tribes on many fronts. The wet season runoff from the countries creates turbulent waters further downstream. For starters, it is second to the Amazon for discharge by volume. Starting in Zambia, it flows through eastern Angola and several other countries before emptying into the Indian Ocean. Major Rivers of World : Yellow River Origin – Bayan Har Mountains Length – 5464 Km Mouth – Bohai Sea, Shandong Countries the longest rivers in the world flows through. List of Major Rivers of the World About 70% of Earth surface is covered with water and is found in rivers, lakes, streams and oceans. If you are an angler, consider a trip to Iceland to check out this scenic spot. The Volga shows another cradle of life type river along the list. Or if they have why plastic and … Find all major rivers of world. The delta in Vietnam offers one of the natural phenomena in the world where the river flow inverts with the tides causing flooding along the flat delta. Located in the Yukon, the remote river boasts many photo ops from gorgeous icy shots of the forest, winding valleys, and a multitude of wildlife. Algeria. Along its journey, the river has seen many important historical events. Originating near Kemble in the UK, this river flows through Oxford, Reading and all greater London area. Amur River. The Amazon reports to be anywhere between 6,200 km to 7,000 km. Most documentation counts it as at least 6,400 km. While an impressive length, the biggest attraction the Seine offers comes from the boat tours through Paris. Out of all the rivers on this list, the Ganges may hold the record for supporting human life. Some may argue that it is the largest, but it depends on where you want to count the origin point, one source looks at the mountains of Chile. The Nile is the one of the candidate for the longest river in the world (some sources cite the Amazon River and The Mississippi as the longest). While it may not be the longest river in Spain, it certainly is the most widely known and most important. Not only does it provide a natural border, it supports many of these countries with agricultural, irrigation, potable water and trade routes. The Ganges is the most important The picturesque location boasts a thriving community and a slice of paradise at the Wilderness Retreat along the river banks. Originally, these structures served as strategic feudal strongholds and defensive fortifications, they now are privately owned homes that showcase the depth of history from the medieval and renaissance periods. It is the sixth largest river system in the world flowing over 5,400 km from the Bayan Har Mountains through nine provinces and emptying in the Bohai Sea near Dongying. The mouth itself can be accessed from the Cape Whale route. The river hosts a source of natural beauty for the region, abundant fish and rife with vegetation. In the wet season, this number skyrockets, covering up to 350,000 square km or 140,000 square miles and rising over 9 meters. Kwando River. The river takes on a green hue in certain sections, hence the name of the season. A river is defined as "a large natural stream of water flowing in a channel to the sea, a lake, or another river.". The Amur River. Kasai River. The river passes through six countries including the Netherlands, France, Germany, Switzerland, Austria, and Liechtenstein. Many tours offer exploration of the river sights such as bird watching, the reptile farms, and crocodile pools. The Selenge River is 992 km long and drains into Lake Baikal. Not only does this river pass through 11 different countries, it directly connects 4 capital cities in Europe. The Mossman River offers another exemplary photo ops place to visit. No other river in the world hits as many capitals. Tributaries from around South America come together to create the amazing water system of South America. It provides economic keystone for many areas of Africa that do not have roads or railways, helping with transportation and agriculture. On December 24, 2017 by Master. It congregates over 2,107 square km along its course supporting the rainforest life before opening into dense mangrove swamps. The river serves as a trade route and economic necessity to many cities in the region. In Austria it goes through Vienna, in Slovakia, it hits Bratislava, then in Hungary it passes through Budapest, and finally in Serbia it hits Belgrade. They play an essential role in the ecology of rainforest and wetlands. Iguaçu. The large mountains and valleys that surround the water way create some of the best photo ops of any river in the world. The Volga runs the longest river in Europe, flowing over 3,521 km with a basin of over 1.3 million square km. Not only does the Amazon river boast impressive records, it creates life and biodiversity for thousands of different species of animals and plants. The total area covered by the River Lena basin is 2.4 million square kilometers, making it one of the largest rivers in the world by area. Updates? Afghanistan. More aquatic species include over 100 different species of electrical fish, including the electric eel, river stingrays and even crabs. Nile River. You do not need to be religious to enjoy the beauty in this region, but it offers an amazing journey. The drainage basin for the Nile covers 11 countries and runs northward 6,650 km. The Danube River This section of the river gives life to many species in Africa such as lions, hippos, nile crocodiles, and hundreds more. The major rivers of the world. Many Hindus bathe and pray in its waters. The problem generated by over taxation on the river system caused the flow to stop. This river chops up in many sections of class 3 and 4 rapids offering one of the most challenging courses in the world. It includes river systems over 1,000 kilometres. Farāh River. Most of the basin is protected through an international agreement between France, Germany, and most of the other countries the river basin serves. Nestled in the mountainous region between France and Italy, the Argentina flows pristinely towards the Ligurian Sea. The Kumano River along the Kii Peninsula in central Japan flows through Nara, Wakayama and Mie prefectures. Eleven of the twenty largest cities in Russia call this basin home, and is generally considered to be the national river. The biggest factors to the measurements come from the time of year, the scale of measurements and the techniques. It houses many endemic species of animals as well. Let’s explore some facts about these world-famous waterways. Africa – the world’s second largest and second most populous continent – is a land of rivers, deserts, plains and rain forests. Cunene River. The basin and tributaries for this river expand into a further nine more countries. 822 . The river Thames has also served three separate Summer Olympic Games, one in 1908, another in 1948, and the most recent in 2012 for London Olympics. Many lodges along the river cater specifically to fisherman who come from around the world to take a pick at the Atlantic salmon. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. It runs through Burma, Thailand, Yunnan, Laos, Vietnam, and Cambodia. Panj River. Rivers have been very useful to men in all parts of the world since prehistoric times. Rising on the eastern flanks of the Southern Alps, the Waimakariri River flows in braided wide shingle beds before it reaches the Canterbury Plains in New Zealand. • List of drainage basins by area (including rivers, lakes, and endorheic basins) This river creates one of the most important waterways through Europe, being a central trading route from the Mediterranean up to central France. Since then many municipalities have worked together with local businesses in a clean up effort. Chelif River. There are about 165 major rivers in the world, but these fourteen are some of the most famous. After flowing south down the Ural mountain range, it turns east and meanders across a broad plain, giving some of the most beautiful pictures from the mountain range. As it flows southwest, it passes through the famous Grand Canyon which was carved by the river over millennia of the river flowing. Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Uganda, South Sudan, Sudan and Egypt. For the hard winter months, most of the river freezes. Near Canon City, it widens and flattens out as it slows down across the great plains. After the Cahora Bassa Dam, the Zambezi opens to the lower region and the delta. The river boasts a popular spot for hikers travelling across the Besseggen, photographers, and water enthusiasts. Africa. It also connects with the Milan through a network of channels that Leonardo Da Vinci helped design. Officially, the shortesr river is the D River, Oregan, USA, which is just 37 metres long. Be prepared though, if you are a kayaker, the best parts to kayak do not have road access. One of the most unique qualities of the Niger river happens just before the delta where it loses two-thirds of its potential flow. These serene waters create a popular tourist attraction for people from Jakarta and Bogor. You may also find different names for the river depending on location. The Mekong River is located in China. The total area covered by the River Lena basin is 2.4 million square kilometers, making it one of the largest rivers in the world by area. The Ob River, also Obi, is a major river in western Siberia, Russia and is the world’s seventh longest river. It offers a unique mouth that instead of a defined delta, it divides into two before hitting the sea. Regardless of size by length, it does overtake the competition in discharge by volume coming in at over 200,000 cubic meters per second. Down Solutions Thames Mississippi Nile Danube Not only does the Po river provide beautiful pictures of the Italian countryside, it provides a mainstay water source to the flood plain in northern Italy. This river basin serves most of the eastern side of the continent where the Nile and Congo do not reach. This is a list of the longest rivers on Earth. The biggest portion of the controversy comes from the measurement itself. Helmand River. While being one of the largest rivers in Europe, 65% of its annual discharge occurs during March and April where spring floods rush with melting snow. It is one of many rivers that provide potable water to Cape Town. Here are the top ten most powerful rivers in the world. The list of the longest rivers ends here and you can now decide which picturesque riverbank is the next in your visit list. It is still extensively used for recreational use along many of the parks and waterways of the river. Unfortunately, extensive changes to the agriculture in the area altered the original course of the river. Amu Darya. This is a list of the longest rivers on Earth. The water of this river descends over 1,270 meters from the highest point until it reaches the Coral Sea just north of Wonga Beach. This tiny river flows through west Africa and empties into the Atlantic Ocean. Mesmerizing by looks, the river along the high mountains are popular for mountain-claiming and sightseeing. Not only is it the world’s longest river, it has the largest drainage area and the fastest discharge rate. Overall, the river served a purpose to help sustain life, but has been heavily modified from the original course. The second record comes from volume as stated before. Staying at an eco-lodge near the Amazon is also an experience in itself. These events include the Punic wars between Roman and Carthaginian forces, the home to one of the earliest Cistercian monasteries in Spain, and the alleged starting grounds for the Spanish Civil war in 1938, known as the Battle of the Ebro. This reflects the lack of roadways in the region, but you can still get where you are going by Ferry. In this post we present 50 of the longest and largest rivers of the world. While the Cahabon does not carry any prestigious titles and only runs a meager 200 km compared to some on this list, it may be one of the most beautiful rivers on the list. The major rivers of the world. Magdalena River. Hey, what is 100 miles between friends? Rivers inspired many poets and painters in the past, and now photographers capture their beauty. During the wet season, they come back into one united roaring river in a perpetual cycle. Omissions? Asia. The Zambezi river clock in as the fourth longest river. Cities river flows through. The Ural river flows as the third longest river in Europe, originating in the Ural mountains and emptying into the Caspian Sea. This is a list of selected rivers, ordered alphabetically by continent or region and by country. The Rhine River is the longest river in Netherlands covering a distance of 764 miles. It also provides fisheries and transport needs to many citizens in the area. The Hong River, known as the Yuan River or Red River, flows from its reaches in the Yunnan province southwest through China then Vietnam and emptying into the Gulf of Tonkin. Starting in the Yoshino-Kumano National park, the river rises from Mount Omine and travels in southward through Japan to drain into the Pacific Ocean between Shingu, Wakayama and Kiho, Mie. Unfortunately, the river Ganges holds another record as being one of the most polluted rivers in the world. If you are ever in Australia, the Mossman flows through deep valleys across the Mount Lewis Forest Reserve, the Mossman Gorge, the Daintree National Park and supports the township of Mossman before emptying into Trinity Bay and the Coral Sea. The source of the river comes from a glacier known as Austre Memurubrean. The river originates along the Guinea Highlands less than 250 km from the Atlantic Ocean. You may even spy an elusive platypus. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? It creates many beautiful photo ops and even served as one of the inspirations for the first landscape painting from the middle ages. Mekong River. Just like its eastern counterpart the Rio Grande, the Colorado river creates a mainstay for potable water for over 40 million people. Just like the Amazon, the Congo serves a huge portion of the rainforests with fresh water. The Yangtze forms the longest river in Asia and holds a title of the longest river in the world flowing in a single country. The Amazon is about 6,400 km long, and its width at an average varies from 1.6 to 10 km, but it expands up to 48 km during rains and it is on account of its vast expanse that it is sometimes called the River Sea. There are a lot of things to explore, which needs a long planned vacation. This important distinction marks the greatest controversy on rivers out there. So, read the article to know the importance of rivers of the world. While this river may not come across as majestic as the other rivers in Africa, it remains a notable fixture and important river to many people. It is the ninth largest river by discharge and the 15th longest river in the world. Historically, this river formed the backbone of trade through southeastern Asia until the completion of the Kunmin-Haiphong Railway in 1910. The Wheaton river offers a lot of activity for such a little river. It also shares an interesting fact with the Danube that it formed the second portion of the northern frontier of the Roman Empire. Click a river name here below. One of the most iconic rivers in the United States is the Colorado river. It serves as the primary source of water for Lake Gjende near Jotunheimen in Southern Norway. Other rivers that would make the Top 10 list include the Ganges, the Congo, the Orinoco, the Yangtze and the Madiera. It also touts the largest in Europe through discharge and basin. It connects many beautiful lakes and cities throughout northern Europe. Here are the top ten most powerful rivers in the world. Despite the pollution, the river still offers many beautiful photo ops. Named after the first governor of New South Wales, Sir Thomas Brisbane, the river flows from Mount Stanley approximately 344 km into the Moreton Bay and the Coral Sea. If you enjoy exploring the wilds and fishing, the small town of Kartong can offer you a great excursion to go adventuring with. The basin area drains almost 800,000 square km across one of the most prosperous regions in China. For Hindus, the Ganges is a holy river. And most folks probably wouldn’t guess that Russia is the location of Europe’s longest river. Many rivers so far on this list boast life across the globe. The Amazon is responsible for up to 20% of all fresh water entering the ocean supply. The total length covered is 3,442 miles. It runs through Burma, Thailand, Yunnan, Laos, Vietnam, and Cambodia. Famous Rivers of the World. Today, the Meuse River shows beautiful landscapes as it meanders through the countryside. The Amazon is the widest river in the world. Even the Congo has an 80% slower discharge rate the Amazon, it still has the highest such rate in the world. In particular, there exists disagreement as to whether the Nile or the Amazon is the world's longest river. The name of Nile was derived from the Latin word: Nilus, that means valley or a river valley! Ruandaberge in Rwanda/Burundi. This flow all but stops around October where the freezing temperatures drop the river to around 5% of its annual flow. Here, only those rivers are shown whose discharge is more than 2,000 cubic metres per second (530,000 US gal/s; 440,000 impgal/s; 2,000,000 L/s). Most of the populations of these countries exists along the banks of the Nile. While this does not match something the size of the Amazon, it is still one of the most diversified river basins in the world. This river actually forms the border between Russia and China. The massive Mississippi watershed touches 32 of the 50 United States and two Canadian provinces between the Rocky and Appalachian mountain ranges. The river has seen some of the most historical events in France’s history from invasions to the 1900 summer Olympics. Liao. The river itself in ancient Egypt was revered as the causeway between life and death due to its importance. This list is based upon the flow rate of the river itself. If you ever stop in Triora Italy, check out this gorgeous river. Some of the best things you can do: white-water rafting (it is one of the best in the world), trek through the jungle, or glide through the canopy which is super awesome. and display its location with its mouth and the crossed states. The river silt and mangroves have created a large sandbar that protects the river. They could be used in the classroom in lots of different ways: Print the posters and use them on a classroom display about rivers. This is a list of rivers by their average discharge, that is, their water flow rate. To help alleviate the problem of brackish water, the Wivenhoe Dam was built to create Lake Wivenhoe and a long term potable water source for the city. Just a 90 minute drive from Reykjavik, the Hitara river is not only gorgeous, it is renowned as one of the best fishing spots in the world. The river in the dry season boosts clear waters with snorkeling for any ages to meet more than the 30 different species of fish, lizards, and birds. Rivers are water sources that play an important role in any country’s economy. Just like its southern neighbor the Amazon, the Rio Orinoco provides life to thousands of species of flora and fauna among the northern reaches of the rainforest. It also holds the title of the only river to cross the equator twice. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The Colorado river passes through an amazing 11 different national parks and houses multiple white-water rapid locations. Lungwebungu River. The feature gives a huge boon to the fishing and agriculture for the area. Paraná In the modern age, the River Loire is known as the Garden of France due to the clusters of Chateaux and vineyards that dot the landscape. This following is a list of the 10 longest rivers in the world, according to the Times Atlas of the World.Only 111 miles apart, the Nile River in Africa is the longest river in the world in comparison to its runner-up, the Amazon River, located in South America.Discover some key facts about each river and their residence country, along with its length in miles and kilometers. 4145. Mekong River. and display its location with its mouth and the crossed states. Positives of a dam: generates electricity from a renewable source Negatives: loss of animal habitats, people have to move More people in the world live along the Yangtze and Huang He (Yellow) Rivers than on any other river systems in the world. Wadi Majardah. The Rio Grande shows one of the most iconic rivers in the world due to the landscape, not necessarily the river. See more about the role of the rivers for the development of the civilizations. Lastly, the Amazon Basin marks the world’s largest basin covering over 40% of South America. First of all, this River is only a few hundred miles from spanning the entire width of South America from the Pacific Ocean to the Atlantic. The entirety of Egypt may be covered in sand, but along the banks of the Nile, vegetation and life exists, creating a swath of green through the land that can be seen in stark contrast from space. The upper and middle service large sections of forest with rapids and the Guiana Shield that quickly flows down to a large flood plane and then out to the Delta. The Angara river rises from Lake Baikal near Listvyanka and flows through the Irkutsk Oblast of Russia and finally joins the Yenisei Rivernear Strelka. Different from the Amazon though, this river can be broken apart into four distinct regions. With so many different locations along its 2,850 km journey, the river offers some of the best sightseeing in the world. Click a river name here below. They provide a source of drinking water, for obtaining food, to fertilize lands and way to transport goods from place to place. After the fall of the Roman Empire it became a central trading route through most of Europe and connected the world through its 2,415 km route. The European settlers found the river and took over, establishing their colony at Melbourne. The Selenge River is regarded as the headwaters of this river system. The 50 Most Famous Rivers of the World [Update 2020: With photos and details] Memuru in Norway. The drainage basin of this massive river covers almost 20% of China and supports nearly one third of the country’s population. Victoria Falls forms the boundary between the upper and middle portion of the river. Most of the river defines the border between the two providences. This river has twice the annual discharge of its northern counterpart the Loire. The Nile helped Egypt in more than just sustaining life though. The river dries up approximately 100 miles north of the exit into the Gulf of California, which has not made it that far since the 1960’s. Over a thousand different chateaux help create one of the most vibrant tourist areas in France. Rivers of the World Bonus Puzzle. The control of the river played a major part in the victory of the American Civil War. The Steenbras River in South Africa flows through the country to provide agriculture and hydroelectricity for most of South Africa. Bo Hai. In 2007 it ranked among the top ten most polluted rivers in New Zealand. It creates the second largest river in central and Western Europe after the Danube, running at 1,230 km overall. Millions of people across India and Bangladesh live by the river Ganga that serves as a trans-boundary to Asia. The River Niger in Mali. The Mekong is the 11th longest river in the world and the 7th longest in Asia. While less than 100 km long, this river creates many photo ops along its path to the Java Sea. Gumal River. Rivers also provide an important habitat for wildlife. After traveling southwards through the countryside it empties into the Pacific near Kaiapoi. Czochralski Stretching for 2,763 miles, the Amur is the 10th longest river in the world. From the falls to Lake Kariba, the Zambezi offers some of the most breathtaking and challenging white-water trips in the world. Of its basin, the last 33 square km create an estuarine wetland of highly salinized water. Many people may recognize its unique waterfalls, Victoria falls and Chavuma Falls more than they may know the name of Zambezi. While not boasting any records, the Memuru clocks in at just over 10km long. Source. 10. It touts being one of the longest rivers in South America and the third largest discharge by volume in the world. The Yarra river, or Yarra Yarra river, as it used to be known as served Melbourne and the greater Melbourne area before it empties into the Hobson’s bay at Port Phillip. An interesting fact about the Amazon comes from the fact that no bridge spans the entire width of the river. Harīrūd. A river does not require a record to be beautiful. This meant the Greeks could push their culture on the Gauls and expand northward with ease. 10. The Gulf of Ob is the world’s longest estuary. Aras River. Since then, the Yarra river progressively changes to the needs of the city. This one however, flows northward through most of Germany and the Netherlands before emptying into the North Sea. This is another river that boosted human civilization. Severe pollution threatens not only the millions of people depending on the river, but the fish, amphibians that call the river home and the animals that live from the water. The river covers such a vast territory that scientists still discover multiple new species every single year. While many beautiful rivers run through Iceland, the Hitara may offer some of the most beautiful photogenic rivers in the country if not the world. Kartong boasts another fine fishing spot on this list as well. In terms of long rivers, Europe isn’t anywhere near the top among the six main continents. Rivers are water sources that play an important role in any country’s economy. and its length: Many regions of the river can be treacherous or difficult to navigate due to the chaotic flows and seasons. It provides an important backbone to many trade routes, drinking water, and hydroelectricity. This is the world’s fifth-longest river system and the largest draining into the Arctic Ocean. This river feeds a forest that covers over 5.4 million square kilometers. The Ebro river counts as the longest river entirely contained within Spain. That is of course during the nine months of the year it flows. The river basin itself feeds all northern France and parts of Belgium. The Amazon River flowing through South America is the second-longest river in the world with the fastest flow rate. 1,345. The heavy brownish red silt gives it the hue, which in turn creates such a rich soil and farmlands for the cities it passes through. The Mekong is the 11th longest river in the world and the 7th longest in Asia. This comes mostly from navigation, not the people themselves. Kābul River. The Memuru creates a picturesque view of the mountains and river, especially for those who enjoy kayaking. While it is used for navigation, the seasonal changes across its length can create heavy rapids, waterfalls, and be challenging to transverse. It is a quite a long river with a length of about 166 kilometers. However, in other areas, such in Vietnam, most of the river is used for agriculture and growing wet rice. From the picture, you may have determined the reason it is known as the Red River. The Seine in Paris. This does not consider the birds, butterflies and other beautiful creatures that live around the Amazon. Without the Rio Grande, the region would not be able to support the vast amount of people that it does. Not only did it mark the western border of the Holy Roman Empire with the Kingdom of France, it served as the last key objective during the Battle of Bulge. 820 . The mouth of the river that empties into the Pacific offers some picturesque moments of the turbulent waters. Just be prepared for a long trip though, if you were to stop in each city along the way for just one day, your trip would at minimum be 100 days long. In the modern day, logging in the northern changes the northern portions of the river, destroying many Marshlands that feed the Yarra River. This river basin covers 880,000 square kilometers mostly in Venezuela and Colombia. Starting from the Cottian Alps, this luxurious river begins on the hills of Pian del Re and travels 652 km to the Adriatic Sea, exiting near Venice. The Congo flows over 4,700 km to basin over 4 million square km of Africa, which is almost 13% of the continent. It sources in Sierra de las Minas mountain range and flows north through many small cities and joins up with the Polochic River. The city flourishes at the mouth of the river, despite it being a tidal estuary. Today though it is still used for transportation, although not much for heavy trade routes. The Nile, the Amazon’s competition, runs anywhere from 5,500 and 7,000 km, but counts at least 6,650 km. This is the world’s longest river. Mississippi River : 1,459 : 2,348: Colorado: Grand County, Colorado : Gulf of California : 1,450 … While only 29 km in length, the scenery is dominated by the Fagraskogarfjall mountains and creates a beautiful connection to nature. Clocking in as the third longest river in Africa after the Nile and the Congo, the Niger river winds its way through western Africa. The Volga starts in central Russia and flows south to southwest and eventually empties into the Caspian Sea. While not as impressive as the Mississippi, it still covers over 170,000 square miles with its drainage basin feeding many different states. River water carriers a lot of nutrition and it provides a habitable home and food to many other organisms. While the dam was completed in 1935, many other dams and aqueducts were completed. The River Thames may offer some of the most visually stunning sights on this list. It also housed the first steam boat ever built. If you are looking for some serene nature while adventuring, Guatemala may be hiding a few gems you did not consider. About 70% of Earth surface is covered with water and is found in rivers, lakes, streams and oceans. This list of 40 rivers contains the most polluted rivers in the world, the plastic hot-spots. 1,350. World’s Top 10 Largest Rivers 10. These regions include the upper, middle, lower and delta. The difficult waters from this river have divided the people in the region more than uniting them. Another spectacular river for photo ops comes in the Daintree river in northern Australia. However, once people realized the damage it caused to the local landscape, construction has all but stopped along the river. With over 74,000 square km of watershed, the basin is heavily controlled through many important Italian cities including Turin and Ferrara. Sadly, the Waimakariri is another river on this list that suffers from over pollution. Starting in Mid-June, the fishing season opens up to allow fishers to come and catch their fill. 110. List of rivers. From its origin in Germany, it passes through twenty different cities before hitting Austria. Piercing between the Trois Eveches giant mountains, the Verdon River is one of the gorgeous rivers in the world. For context, the volume of an Olympic-size swimming pool is 2,500 cubic metres. Later, the Moreton Bay adopted the same name as the river becoming known as Brisbane and one of the larger cities in Australia. There are hundreds of small and long rivers in Africa continent, flowing through different countries. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/list-of-rivers-2020029. If you are a fan of kayaking or white-water rafting, the Cahabon offers some world class rapids. The Amazon and its tributaries gather water from 5 degrees north latitude all the way to 20 degrees south. The upper portion of the Zambezi flows through Angola and massive grasslands before turning southward into a floodplain. These parts are known as the Le Grand Rhone and Le Petit Rhone, and form the Camargue region of France. While this river may be tiny compared to many others on this list, it shows wonderful locations to connect with nature and a small tourist destination. The river flows from its source near Fontibre and meanders across a huge diversity of biomes including forests, woodlands and scrublands. This river touts being the largest river in South America and counts as the second largest river in the world by most definitions. Volga (Photo via Pixabay) Volga River. World River Map showing course of major rivers passing through different countries. The head waters near Leadville Colorado flow across large boulders and fast-moving mountain rivers. Morghāb River. The 50 Most Famous Rivers of the World [Update 2020: With photos and details]. Most of the river has been dredged for larger ships to be able to navigate through. During the dry season, the river divides into hundreds of shallow branches with low banks where wildlife drinks and flourishes. Another major river in Europe that rises from the Swiss Alps is the Rhine River. Not only is it the world’s longest river, it has the largest drainage area and the fastest discharge rate. P. R. China. What it is known for though, is being the deepest river in the world, measuring depths of over 220 meters. Water Basin: 3,400,000 km2 Length: 6,650 Km While it may not win any awards, the river has been an important stepping stone for the city development and shows another entry on the list of how people have used rivers for progress over time. 1,323. Here is all that you need to know about some major rivers of the world like the Nile, Amazon, Ganges, Mississippi, Danube, Yangtze, Mekong, and many more. The Cahora Bassa Dam in Mozambique provides power to the country and South Africa. In fact, most of the river is controlled via dams, reservoirs and aqueducts that mostly divert water for irrigation and domestic water supply. However, it also harbors a darker history as one of the deadliest rivers in the world due to flooding. It also provides hydroelectricity from the Kariba Dam which powers Zambia and Zimbabwe. The printable posters below show photos of twelve famous rivers around the world. The aptly named river created a major trade route from Eastern Canada to the western reaches at the time. Today, it helps provide irrigation, potable water and hydroelectricity to many areas in Russia. While controversy still sparks about the length of world’s longest river, the Amazon boasts a couple of records that other rivers simply cannot match. The most distant source of the Nile can be traced to Rwanda or Burundi flowing north through Tanzania, Lake Victoria, Uganda and South Sudan. The Rhone rises from the Rhone Glacier in the Swiss Alps, passes through Lake Geneva and then runs through southeastern France to empty into the Mediterranean Sea. One of the biggest boons to the river comes from the tourist attraction. The Yenisei finally drains into the Arctic Ocean. This maritime route has served for shipping supplies, navigation, watermills, and even international trade. This subregion boasts over 20,000 plant species, and thousands more fish, amphibians, birds and mammals. 1.Nile. Once past Little Rock, it slows slightly and merges with the Mississippi. Colombia. Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. Clocking in as the second longest and second largest river basin in North America, the Mississippi river brings the next entry on the list. This river contests for the longest flowing river in the world originating from two primary tributaries called the Blue Nile and the White Nile. Aside from being enormous, the Mississippi River serves as one of the most important rivers in American history. 839 . This allowed many crops like wheat, flax, and papyrus to thrive in an otherwise arid environment. The Nile drains about 10 % of the entire Africa. It is revered as life bringer and even worshiped as the goddess Gnaga in Hinduism. The river does offer some of the most beautiful scenery across middle America, with three distinct sections. Many bridges, canals, and ports help navigate the river by both land and sea. During the iron age, the river worked as a trade route for the Mediterranean, Greeks and Romans. The lower dam is a gravity concrete arch type located above Gordon’s bay near Cape Town in South Africa. Clocking in at 1,450 miles long, this river flows through seven different states in the United States and two in Mexico. In fact, many may recognize the river Thames from London’s most notorious sightseeing, including Big Ben and the Ferris Wheel. The biggest claim to fame this river offers comes from the tourist aspect. This fact pervades every facet of Egyptian life from the earliest ancient times, housing the most recognizable historical sites a stone throw from the river. List of world cities on river banks, list of European cities on rivers, List of American cities on rivers, List of Asia - Oceania cities on river banks, lis The Blue Nile joins it in Sudan and they flow northward through Egypt to empty into the Mediterranean Sea. Some of the largest engineering feats work on the Colorado River, including the Hoover Dam. This hue comes from the glacier runoff that contains clay. The river starts at Dail Peek and travels into the fourth largest drainage basin in the world until finally reaching the Bering Sea at over 200,000 cubic feet per second. READ MORE: Top 10 Australian National Parks (World Travel Bucket List) Rivers in Europe. Venezuela is the home to the Rio Orinoco which provides water to the northern reaches of South America. The Zambezi like many other major rivers on this list can be divided into major sectionals. Amur River is in number ten of the largest rivers in the world and the most prominent in the Federation of Russia. Huang He flows as the second longest river in China and is known as the Yellow river due to the distinct color of the water as it flows. Cairo, Luxor, Aswan, Khartoum and Malakei. This river is still the heart of modern Egypt, and The Nile delta is the most urbanized part of the country. It boasts the second largest river in Africa, coming behind the Nile. Due to the unique silt composition, subaqueous dams slowly build up from the fine silt run off. In many views, the rise of the Egyptian empire and Sudanese kingdoms would not have been possible without the life giving waters of the Nile. Oxford refers to it as Isis, and it is known as the Tideway in the lower reaches. The city itself has 37 separate bridges that create a network of roadways across the river. Instead of simply emptying into the ocean, the gradient decreases suddenly to create a series of braided streams, lakes and marshes. When looking at the Nile with the same instruments and methods of calculation, it measures at 6,853 km or 4,258 miles long. The majority of the watershed supplies the agriculture basis of northern Italy which produces a huge amount of grain for cereals and rice. The Nile River, located in northeastern Africa, is the longest river in the world at about 4,132 miles. In fact, t he river is regarded as a sacred site along the pilgrimage routes in the Kii Mountain Range and is protected as an UNESCO world heritage site. While not boasting any records, the Memuru clocks in at just over 10km long. Czochralski Stretching for 2,763 miles, the Amur is the 10th longest river in the world. These include the River Amazon, the River Mississippi, the River Thames and more! Speaking of trans boundary rivers, the Danube needs a second mention. Stuck with the Rivers of the World One Clue Crossword Bonus puzzle? If you are looking for a bit more adventure, another section of the river reports as the 8th best spot in the world to pan for gold. Cauca River. The amount of pollution near Varanasi counts over 100x the legal limit set forth by the official government and clean up plans have all but failed. The top-ten worst rivers are special contenders. However, in Thailand, the lower basin of the Mekong shows picturesque views and gentle waters. Cuanza River. No list of rivers could be complete without the Nile River. This civilization rose to power through trading these goods to other countries. While it measures a total of 1,896 miles, the course of the river shifts which can change it to be the fourth or fifth largest river system in North America depending on the time of year. In Netherlands, … It finishes its long journey in the Black sea. 6671. Some of the notable selections along the river include the Crystal Pools from Gordon’s Bay and the Steenbras River Gorge. When we talk in terms of water discharge, Amazon is the largest river in the world. Amur River. It also houses the largest hydro electric station in the world at the Three Gorges Dam. Rhine River begins from the Swiss canton of Graubunden in Swiss Alps and flows through Rhineland and empties into the North Sea in Netherlands. The Nile creates such a unique change in the landscape that it can be seen from space. In the modern days, most of the waterways are used for agriculture and cultivating vast amounts of rice. 10. This river actually forms the border between Russia and China. In fact, over 5,600 different species of fish can be found along the amazing length of river, many of which cannot be found anywhere else in the world. It is found on the border of Russia and China. Read More, List of river islands in India. Ganges (gan-jeez) River—the major river of India; a holy river in Hindu religion. Like the Rio Grande, after originating in Colorado, this river flows south and eventually forms part of the U.S and Mexico border before flowing out into the Gulf of California between Baja California and Sonora. In fact, the river is regarded as the cradle of China’s prosperity and the birthplace of the civilization. It spans a mammoth journey of 4,132 miles before the mouth meets the Mediterranean Sea in the form of a vast delta in Egypt. It is the largest tributary to the river and drains an area of 146,300 square kilometers. Of course, you could travel the entire length and see some of the best historical sights in western and northern Europe. Rivers of the World, Word Search Worksheethas 1 word search with 24 words.Perfect for an environment project, World Water Day Activity, Water Awareness, etc.Words are from left to right, right to left, upto down and down to up in the wordsearches.Children across all age groups just love wordsearch c. We wonder why the United Nations have not started cleanup operations in these locations. This is the largest river on the South Island of New Zealand and translates into river of cold rushing water. 12. It also boasts some of the clearest waters in the world for much of its length, carrying a tenth the sediment of the Nile. However, it is the second longest in the Iberian Peninsula after the Tagus. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Below is the list of 10 most famous rivers in the World. Many ocean going vessels can travel up river via the dredged waterways, as far as Roeun, which sits 120 km from the sea. Fortunately, the government understands the importance of the river and has made moves to protect areas of it. One of the more unique aspects of the river comes from the green color it sports flowing down the mountain. Cross Answers Amazon Yangtze Indus Seine Yukon Rhine. During the gold rush, many mines and tunnels also changed the river as needs for transports came up. Much of the Mekong River flows among the various countries in southeast Asia. The primary reason for this comes from the sheer number of cities and provinces this river travels through. Rivers than on any other river systems in the world. Coupling this fact with agricultural demand, heavy water consumption, and irrigation, the river only empties into the Gulf of Mexico with 20% of its natural flow. Along these trips you can sightsee the most famous monuments of the city of love, from the Louvre, the Eiffel Tower, the Musee d’Orsay, and even Notre Dame. Wadi Seybouse. The headwaters of the amazing Amazon feed from the Apurimac River and the Mantaro River in Peru. The river itself creates the cradle of life for much of China, contributing as much as 20% of the GDP for the country. 836 . The Mekong River is located in China. Nile. Not impressed yet? At 2,428 km this river not only forms most of the border between Russia and Kazakhstan, it also forms the conventional boundary between Europe and Asia. As of 2012, many treatment plants have started working to clear up the pollution. The Danube gives another example on the list of a civilization cradle, boasting life for human history in several ways. Eventually these create floods that wreak havoc across the region. Just think of all the wonderful photo ops you would have from this one river though. Nile has only two tributaries; White Nile that originates in Rwanda and Blue Nile from Ethiopia. Armenia. It serves as the primary source of water for Lake ... Wheaton River in Canada. The World Rivers article will give you information about all the major rivers in the world. The Amazon river and basin boasts a home to more than a third of all known species in the world. Many Eurasian civilizations have risen and fallen on the Volga steppes, from the Huns to modern day Russia. The drainage basin for this river feeds most of northern India and surrounding countries. The main tributaries are White Nile and the Blue Nile which considered being the primary stream. The name of the river comes from the aboriginal name meaning ever flowing and helped early civilization in Australia to flourish. The Argentina is aptly name as the word translates into silvery. Several wonderful hiking trails through the mountains create adventures for those seeking to connect to nature. Other rivers that would make the Top 10 list include the Ganges, the Congo, the Orinoco, the Yangtze and the Madiera. 1,320. In 2001, the Nevado Mismi in Peru took over as the reported source of the Amazon. In modern times, the Rhone connects many major cities in France, from Arles to Avignon all the way to Lyon. The Mekong River creates the trans boundary between many countries in Southeast Asia making it the seventh longest in Asia. Today, that entire length is navigable through large boats. Angola. What it lacks in length is made up in heritage and touted as one of the most important rivers in human history. If you are looking for beauty in nature, put this river on your bucket list. The river Loire boasts the largest river in France, but pales in comparison to many others around the world as far as length goes. Since it is one of the most powerful rivers in the world, it could potentially service all of Africa with hydroelectricity, of which forty hydropower plants already exist along the length of the river. https://www.touropia.com/most-important-rivers-in-the-world Along this short distance, numerous Buddhist and Shinto temples dot the landscape giving this river a particularly spiritual presence. Surrounded by majestic mountain views, the Argentina may be a blip on the map but shows some beautiful photo opportunities. Yangtze. A list of the most important rivers in the world. Unfortunately, the Rio Grande maintains as one of the largest water sources for Texas and northern Mexico with its river basin that covers over 182,000 square miles. 111. River water carriers a lot of nutrition and it provides a habitable home and food to many other organisms. Mediterranean Sea north of Cairo. This gorgeous picture snapped near Puncak comes from the Angke River that flows from the mountain near the picturesque Telaga Warna Lake. World: Rivers - Map Quiz Game: There are many rivers in the world, but none quite as impressive as the Amazon. Many different courses exist along the river, some of which are family friendly.
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